Nutrition food

How to increase the shelf life of F&V in human nutrition, food safety and health?


2021 is the International Year of Fruits and Vegetables (IAWF) according to the United Nations General Assembly. In line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, this is now a unique opportunity to raise awareness of the important role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition, food security and health.

To improve healthy and sustainable food production through innovation and technology and to reduce food loss and waste, FAO DG QU Dongyu appealed at the launch of IYVF 2021.

To raise awareness of the important role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition, food security and health in AJF 2021, the United Nations General Assembly in its 74e The session declared the importance of F&V in human life.

The COVID-19 pandemic has challenged people to find new ways to tackle hunger and malnutrition and the FAO Director-General added that the IYFV will highlight the role of digital technologies in improving nutrition and market opportunities. The CEO called the initiative “a unique opportunity to raise awareness around the world”.

CEO Qu Dongyu explained, “In the current health crises we are facing around the world, promoting healthy diets to strengthen our immune system is particularly relevant.”

The International Year of Fruits and Vegetables is an opportunity to improve infrastructure and agricultural practices, thereby supporting small farmers, while noting the challenges related to improving production and agrifood chains according to FAO, DG.

He further pointed out that fruits and vegetables were a good way for farmers to create cash crops.

It was well taken by Professor (Dr) Harmohinder Chawla of the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (IIT, D). He informed Krishi Jagran that some time earlier to stop the After harvest losses in Fruits and Vegetables FruWash was introduced, which was a natural solution of the natural product and by washing the F&V for some time prolongs the shelf life of fruits and vegetables.

Dr HM Chawla, spoke to Krishi Jagran You Tube Channel, let’s have the direct version of IIT, Delhi Professor (Dr) HM Chawla, click here:

As the UN has designated IYFV 2021, Helena Them, the CEO of Consumers International, representing 200 consumer organizations around the world, said it was essential that consumers have the right to a fair, secure and sustainable marketplace in involve in how it is shaped in the future.

There are WHO and FAO recommendations The World Health Organization recommends that each adult consume at least 400 grams of fruits and vegetables per day, as fruits and vegetables are good sources of dietary fiber, vitamins and beneficial minerals and phytochemicals to prevent chronic diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, heart disease and obesity, as well as to combat micronutrient deficiencies.

There is a need to transform and rebalance the way our food is produced and consumed.

The innovations and technologies developed and the developments applied are of critical importance “because” they can help to maintain safety and quality, increasing the shelf life of fresh products and keeping them intact while preserving their high value. nutritional ” as the The FAO, DG has taken into consideration that the fruit and vegetable sector remains a problem with considerable consequences.

Over forty percent of fruits and vegetables are lost in the supply chain between harvest and consumption in developing countries.

The aim is to strengthen the role of smallholders and family farmers, and to foster broader market options for millions of rural families to provide fresh produce.

Considering gender equity, it is also worth noting the opportunities at this level, as women often play a leading role for their households in both the production and consumption of fruits and vegetables.

TheUnited Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition (2016-2025)and theUnited Nations Decade of Family Farming (UNDFF 2019-2028) covers the International Year of Fruits and Vegetables 2021, which also falls within this period. These celebrations are mutually reinforcing while providing greater visibility for small producers and raising awareness of food security and nutrition.

Professor (Dr) HM Chawla informed that in the last scenario it was observed that he only absorbed citrus at the first stage. In fruits, the mango is considered as the “king” of fruits, then citrus fruits certainly form the royal court.

The sweet and sour flavors provided by citrus fruit are a perfect combination, making it one of the most loved and sought after fruits in the world.

The original citrus species are just three – tangerine, pomelo, and citron. The harvest of citrus fruits grown by farmers on their farms and bringing them to the markets are in fact the products of crossing these original species. Citrus fruits fruits, which includes common sweet oranges, lemons and limes!

Here are some popular varieties of citrus:

  • Sweet oranges: Blood orange (Malta), kumquat, navel, caracara

  • Mandarins: Clementine, mandarin, tangelo, calamondin

  • Lime: lime, persian, kaffir

  • Grapefruit: White, ruby ​​red, oroblanco

  • Lemons: Meyer, eurêka

  • Other kinds: Lemon, Yuzu, ugli, Rangpur, pomelo, Buddha’s hand, know

Oranges and other citrus fruits such as lemons, limes and grapefruit can be stored for a short time (up to a week) at room temperature. TO improve theshelf life (up to 3-4 weeks) of citrus fruits, store them in a bag in the refrigerator.

The natural liquid produced by Professor (Dr) HM Chawla will greatly increase the shelf life of these citrus fruits without refrigeration.

Professor (Dr) Chawla further pointed out that strengthening the group of lime sellers, Kinnow, and the lemon will certainly help hawkers and sellers of these items. The consumer must be able to obtain fresh products with an extended shelf life.

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